About the Journal

The International Journal on Open and Distance e-Learning (IJODeL) is a bi-annual, open-access and refereed online journal committed to the promotion of Open and Distance e-Learning (ODeL) worldwide. IJODeL is designed to disseminate original research, book reviews, theories, and best practices pertaining to ODeL.

A joint publication by the University of the Philippines Open University (UPOU) in collaboration with the Philippine Society for Distance Learning (PSDL), IJODeL is a venue to facilitate sharing and development of knowledge aimed at improving the quality of ODeL research worldwide. Contributors from all around the world are welcome to submit their papers. Manuscripts can be submitted through the online journal submission system.

Editorial Board

Dr. Grace Javier Alfonso, University of the Philippines Open University, Philippines
Dr. Patricia B. Arinto, University of the Philippines Open University, Philippines
Dr. Ricardo T. Bagarinao, University of the Philippines Open University, Philippines
Dr. Melinda dP. Bandalaria, University of the Philippines Open University, Philippines
Dr. Tian Belawati, Universitas Terbuka, Indonesia
Dr. Alexander G. Flor, University of the Philippines Open University, Philippines
Dr. Primo G. Garcia, University of the Philippines Open University, Philippines
Dr. Felix Librero, University of the Philippines Open University, Philippines
Dr. Melinda F. Lumanta, University of the Philippines Open University, Philippines
Prof. Dr. Santosh Panda, National Council for Teacher Education, New Delhi

Pool of Referees

Dr. Celia T. Adriano, University of the Philippines Diliman, Philippines
Dr. Grace Javier Alfonso, University of the Philippines Open University, Philippines
Dr. Patricia B. Arinto, University of the Philippines Open University, Philippines
Dr. Ricardo T. Bagarinao, University of the Philippines Open University, Philippines
Dr. Melinda dP. Bandalaria, University of the Philippines Open University, Philippines
Dr. Sheila R. Bonito, University of the Philippines Open University, Philippines
Dr. Curtis J. Bonk, Indiana University School of Education, USA
Dr. Inocencio E. Buot Jr., University of the Philippines Los Baños, Philippines
Dr. Li Kam Cheong, The Open University of Hong Kong, China
Asst. Prof. Roberto B. Figueroa, Jr., University of the Philippines Open University, Philippines
Dr. Alexander G. Flor, University of the Philippines Open University, Philippines
Dr. Primo G. Garcia, University of the Philippines Open University, Philippines
Dr. Benjamina Paula Gonzalez-Flor, University of the Philippines Los Baños, Philippines
Dr. Serlie B. Jamias, University of the Philippines Los Baños, Philippines
Asst. Prof. Aurora V. Lacaste, University of the Philippines Open University, Philippines
Dr. Felix Librero, University of the Philippines Open University, Philippines
Asst. Prof. Al-Francis Librero, University of the Philippines Open University, Philippines
Dr. Melinda F. Lumanta, University of the Philippines Open University, Philippines
Dr. Rory McGreal, Athabasca University, Canada
Dr. Jean A. Saludadez, University of the Philippines Open University, Philippines
Dr. Arminda Santiago, University of the Philippines Diliman, Philippines
Dr. Joanne V. Serrano, University of the Philippines Open University, Philippines
Dr. Madeline Suva, Professor, University of the Philippines Los Baños, Philippines

Editorial Staff

 Chief Editor   Dr. Felix Librero
 Managing Editor Ms. Mary Aizel Dolom
 Web Team  Asst. Prof. Mari Anjeli Crisanto
Asst. Prof. Reinald Adrian Pugoy
 Graphics Designer  Ms. Eleanor Payawal Manipol
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
© 2016 International Journal on Open and Distance e-Learning